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Cancers Treated at Premier Cancer Centers – Dallas, TX

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Overview

Cancer is any group of abnormal cells in the body that begin to divide and grow out of control, and cancer cells may group into a tumor or growth. While they can become quite large and require treatment, some tumors are benign, meaning they don't spread or attack healthy tissue. A malignant tumor will spread and invade nearby tissue. Cancer is typically named after the area of the body where the cancer first develops, such as the breast, brain, head, lung, skin, and more. Even if the cancer spreads (also called metastasis) to other areas of the body, it is still named after the primary location. Cancer is typically classified in stage 1 – 4 depending on how much the cancer has spread. 

Risk Factors

The causes of cancer are complex and vary based on the type of cancer. While there is a lot of research on the causes of cancer, but there are no guaranteed ways to prevent cancer or risk factors that will cause cancer. The best thing to do is eat a healthy diet, remain physically active, don't smoke, maintain a healthy body weight, and wear sunscreen. However, some of the most common reasons cancer develops are:

  • Genetics
  • Heavy alcohol use
  • Infections
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Obesity
  • Poor diet
  • Radiation exposure (including UV rays from the sun)
  • Tobacco use
  • Viruses

Common Symptoms

The location of the cancer cells will cause different symptoms, but some of the most common signs and symptoms of cancer are:

  • A noticeable lump or thickening
  • Changes in bowel or bladder function
  • Chronic cough or loss of voice
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Indigestion
  • Pain
  • Skin changes
  • Sore that don't heal
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Unusual bleeding
  • White patches or spots in the mouth

Diagnosis

If symptoms cannot be explained by other reasons, tests for cancer may be performed that may include:

Radiology (Imaging)

  • CT scans
  • Mammograms
  • MRI
  • Nuclear medicine scans
  • Ultrasound
  • X-rays

Endoscopy

  • Colonoscopy
  • Endoscopy
  • Sigmoidoscopy

Biopsy and Cytology

Treatment

Once a patient has been diagnosed with cancer, there may be many treatment options depending on the type of cancer and the stage the patient is in. Some of the most common treatments for cancer are:

  • Blood transfusion
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hyperthermia
  • Immunotherapy
  • Laser treatments
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Stem cell transplant
  • Surgery
  • Targeted therapy
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*Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary from person to person. Images may contain models.