What are Sarcomas?


A sarcoma (from the Greek sarx (σάρκα) meaning "flesh") is a cancer that arises from transformed cells of mesenchymal origin. Sarcomas are divided into different types based on the cells that are involved in the cancer. Types of sarcoma include:

  • Bone sarcomas: Chondrosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, Osteosarcoma
  • Soft tissue sarcomas: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) , Leiomyosarcoma, Liposarcoma, Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Synovial sarcoma, Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma

Understanding Risk Factors for Sarcomas

Very little is known about risk factors for sarcomas but they can include: family history of sarcoma, radiation exposure and Paget's Disease.

Symptoms of Sarcomas

Typically, sarcomas can form anywhere in the body and are often painless masses. If you're having bone pain, that might be a sign of an osteosarcoma.

Diagnosis of Sarcomas

MRI and bone scanning are used for diagnostic purposes. These assess not only the location of the tumor(s) but also their relationship with the nerve tissue and vital organs.

Treatment Options for sarcomas at Premier Cancer Center:


Most Common Side Effects of Radiation Therapy to Sarcomas

• Fatigue